How To Create The Lean Back Experience

How To Create The Lean Back Experience

No longer prepared to be dictated to by linear media schedules, people are becoming active content-seekers across myriad devices; smartphones, tablets, TVs and PCs, says Brightcove’s Mark Blair.

Mark Blair
Posted by Mark Blair

For content publishers, this new world order represents a challenge and an opportunity. The opportunity is to become a brand that is trusted by consumers to deliver a high-quality video experience across all devices. The challenge lies in creating content that is relevant, topical and tailored to the taste of the consumer.

A common concern for many publishers we work with is how to improve their user engagement, specifically across the following two metrics:

  1. Increasing the number of video views per session
  2. Increasing the viewing time per video

Some publishers react defensively by either substituting quality for quantity or by creating video content of shorter duration. Content is still king, and any publisher that considers a quantity-for-quality compromise is risking brand damage and eroding the loyalty of their core audience.

I encourage publishers to think of every viewing experience as a leanback experience. With this concept in mind, publishers should focus on two interrelated items:

  1. Every video is just one moment in an infinite playlist
  2. Every video experience is linear in consumption context but dynamic in content control

The infinite playlist

For every “play” request from the user, the publisher should redefine the concept of the “end of a video”.

Today, many video experiences simply present an end screen that prompts the user with a social-sharing option. While this call-to-action can be effective for promotional purposes, this is disruptive to the viewing experience. The end screen typically presents additional content in the form of related content (e.g., based on popularity, or some metadata-driven relevance to the previously viewed content). As with typical user behaviour, too much choice often leads to a lack of choice – or analysis paralysis.

In the infinite playlist model, every video should be logically sequenced to another video, providing the video with the suggestion of what they should – and will – watch next.

Content programming in this model can be as sophisticated as a dynamic recommendation model (a la Pandora or Netflix), a curated daypart model (a la Sirius, broadcast television), or some hybrid.

But the overall intent is the same: every video has a “next,” and “stop” is removed from the content programming vocabulary.

Linear + Dynamic = Leanback

For every critic of the wizard-behind-the-curtain engine that powers the Netflix screen, one will likely also find those same critics ordering from the virtual aisles of Amazon, searching via Google, and shopping at their local market – all data-driven experiences that influence our definition of choice.

Many publishers we have worked with express their desire to fulfil two competing needs:

  1. Curating content that helps establish their point-of-view or expresses what should be relevant for the publisher’s editorial and/or promotional voice
  2. Delivering content that is directly relevant to the individual consumer based on their preference or manual selection and search.

Beyond providing the standard navigation and search mechanisms, consider creating a model of dynamic linear channels. Each channel consists of multiple factors to influence its selection and sequencing. As the viewer watches or skips a video, this behaviour is captured, processed, and used to influence future channel creation in a closed loop model.

Beyond the more common logical linkage based on video metadata, the channel could be dynamically generated using information such as:

  • Duration – the viewer may specify a preference for shorter or longer content based on their consumption context
  • Time of day – content may be prioritised by its consumption patterns across the entire audience during a 24-hour period
  • Type of device – content may be prioritised by its consumption patterns specific to the mobile platform, mobile OS (i.e., iOS vs. Android), and form factor (i.e., phone vs. tablet)
  • Geolocation – content may be prioritised based on physical location

These channel rules do not exclude the desire for content curation. Publishers could also create more formalised channels that are modelled after radio and broadcast day-parts, and use those as standalone content channels. They could also be used as source channels with the factors mentioned previously.

There are also a number of visual cues that should be added to the video consumption experience to guide the viewer in a dynamic linear model. First, publishers should inform their users that content will be presented as a linear channel. This means enabling the viewer to see upcoming content but not necessarily giving the viewer complete freedom to disrupt the “scheduled/sequenced” programming ad hoc. In full screen mode, the video experience should explicitly point to the upcoming video to dissuade the viewer’s inherent nature to click away. This is a common method for broadcast and syndication since rolling credits tend to prompt the urge to explore other options. This message could be as direct as displaying an overlay of an animated interstitial to introduce the next video or as subtle as a single line of text or a graphical bug with a countdown timer.

As with any leanback experience, whether playback occurs on a tablet or a television (via AirPlay, Miracast, or a similar model of a device-first model), publishers should ensure that the core video playback experience maintains a quality of consumption that is essential for this context. The core video playback experience must:

  • Minimise buffering of content and advertising, either through client-side functionality or server-side stitching (for manifest-based models such as HLS)
  • Deliver the highest quality ABR playback appropriate for the available bandwidth (up to full HD 1920×1080 for tablets and televisions)

By combining the traditional linear programming model with the dynamic nature of digital targeting and playlisting – and by thinking of video as an infinite stream of content for a viewer – publishers can evolve the video consumption behaviour into a leanback experience, engaging the viewer’s desire to discover and consume great content without lifting, or swiping, a finger.

Mark Blair, Vice President, Brightcove Australia & New Zealand