The media is to blame for the hysteria around Artificial Intelligence (AI), according to senior strategic designer at BCG Digital Ventures, Chris Naylor. Human intelligences exhibited by machines is changing the way consumers interact with businesses and can be taken advantage of right now- without the world coming to a fiery end.
Naylor explained to the audience at yesterday’s Daze of Disruption the three main types of AI and how businesses, like Spotify and ANZ, are using artificial intelligence to successfully power customer interaction and drive greater value.
“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is expected to boom into a 70 billion dollar industry, it’s easy to see why it’s touted as the next big thing. But the hype is a shrouded with mystery, AI is often seen as this futuristic technology out of reach for most companies and limited to powering autonomous cars and useless chatbots. But the reality is that AI is here and you can take advantage of it today,” Naylor said.
Firstly, what is AI? There are three forms of AI: Artificial narrow intelligence, Artificial general intelligence and Artificial super intelligence.
1. Artificial narrow intelligence– referred to as weak or applied AI.
“It’s an AI which specialises in a single or narrow task as competently as a human. This is really the current state of AI. If you’ve met the new Siri you have already encountered it. Siri uses a number of different techniques like voice recognition- taking your voice, translating that audio into text, then it takes natural language processes, takes that text and breaks down what you’ve asked and then fulfils that task.”
Artificial general intelligence– sometimes referred to as strong or human level AI.
“Refers to an AI that is as smart as a human across the board, it can perform any intellectual task that a human can- creativity, emotional intelligence, reasoning. This form of AI is some distances off. But if it helps think of C3PO from Star Wars as a mental model for what artificial general intelligence is.”
Artificial super intelligence– this is the most advanced form of AI,
“Leading AI thinker Nick Bostrom says that Super AI has the power to be so much smarter then the best human brains in every field. This is some way off, but it’s where all the hype comes from because with this super intelligence comes talks of robots taking over mankind, singularity theory, Terminator’s Skynet. Elon Musk says we’re ‘summoning the demon’. That’s great clickbait, it makes for a great page view but the reality is it’s a large distraction from how you can utilise this technology today.”
Here are several companies around the world who are using Artifical narrow Intelligence to power their company and drive value across different areas:
- Spotify is using a narrow form of AI called machine learning. The streaming company is using a combination of AI and humans to identify and create playlists of the latest music.
- Netflix is using machine learning to drive their personalisation and recommendation methods, a combination which they believe saves them a billion dollars in the customer chain.
- Barclays Bank in the UK is using voice recognition and natural language processing to automatically verify on the phone your identity. It has been able to reduce that authentication time down by 20 seconds, enabling customer service representatives to concentrate on client needs rather than ID verification.
- Airbnb created a feature called ‘Price Tips’ which gives you price tips to maximise your booking capacity as a host. It calls on five billion training data points to optimise this model, the company found when hosts price themselves within 5 per cent of the recommended price they are four times more likely to generate a booking then when they don’t.
- ANZ used machine learning to scan 36,000 financial documents to detect financial fraudulent papers and they’ve reduce steps required to investigate fraudulent payments from 38 to five and reduced customer resolution time by 80 per cent.
- Mashable have created a feature called Velocity which helps them identify and track trending stories and stories which are ‘viral’. Using AI it scans 300 million links every 30 seconds, with this knowledge it’s able to curate where that story goes on various channels and allocate newsroom resources to best respond to that.
- Snapchat have filed a patent to use object recognition, to create a new form of advertising and digital revenue stream. AS consumers use the app and take a photo or video it will utilise this technology to overlay contextual advertisements and sponsored filters.