Australia’s competition watchdog wants more power to control Google and its dominance over the advertising technology space.
Today the ACCC has released the long-awaited Digital advertising services inquiry – final report, which comes more than 18 months after the Australian government initiated the inquiry.
As was expected, the report looks closely at the dominance of Google, estimating more than 90 per cent of ad impressions traded via the ad tech supply chain went through the tech giant’s ecosystem in 2020.
The ACCC also suggests that Google’s vertical integration across the ad tech supply chain has resulted in self-preferencing behaviour.
Specifically, Google’s decision to direct demand from its DSPs (particularly Google Ads) to its SSP and restrict how its SSP works with third-party providers are considered self-preferencing behaviours by the ACCC.
“The ACCC considers that over time, this conduct has had the cumulative effect of lessening competition for the supply of ad tech services, and allowed Google to establish and entrench its dominant position in the ad tech supply chain,” the report says.
The ACCC goes as far as to suggest such behaviour is contrary to the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (CCA).
“Google has used its vertically integrated position to operate its ad tech services in a way that has, over time, led to a less competitive ad tech industry. This conduct has helped Google to establish and entrench its dominant position in the ad tech supply chain,” ACCC Chair Rod Sims said.
“Google’s activities across the supply chain also mean that, in a single transaction, Google can act on behalf of both the advertiser (the buyer) and the publisher (the seller) and operate the ad exchange connecting these two parties. As the interests of these parties do not align, this creates conflicts of interest for Google which can harm both advertisers and publishers.”
Supply chain concerns
Much like the PwC/ISBA report that came out of the UK last year, the latest ACCC report looks to calculate how much advertising spend ends up in the hands of publishers after ad tech fees.
While PwC/ISBA calculated this figure to be 51 per cent, the ACCC estimates publishers receive 72.9 per cent of advertiser expenditure, with 27 per cent going towards ad tech fees.
“The ACCC considers that these fee levels are higher than they would be if the supply of ad tech services was more competitive, and likely reflect the market power that Google is able to exercise in its dealings with both advertisers and publishers,” the report says.
“High levels of ad tech fees reduce the revenue publishers obtain for their advertising inventory and therefore the funds available to invest in the online content they make available to consumers.”
Calls for stronger controls
To better control Google’s dominance, the ACCC has recommended it be given powers to develop sector specific rules to address conflicts of interest and competition issues in the ad tech supply chain.
These rules should give the ACCC the ability to manage conflicts of interest, prevent anti-competitive self-preferencing, ensure rivals can compete on their merits by having nondiscriminatory access to certain services, and address transparency concerns, the competition watchdog said.
It is also recommended these sector-specific rules give the ACCC the ability to implement measures to address an ad tech provider’s data advantage.
“Sector-specific regulation, such as that proposed in this report, is not new. Other industries, such as telecommunications, have specific rules which can address particular competition and transparency concerns identified in those sectors,” the ACCC said in a press release.
The ACCC also points to Google’s customer-facing services such as Search, Maps and YouTube and the first-party data such services generate for the tech giant.
The competition watchdog is calling on Google to provide more transparency as to how this data is used.
“We recommend that Google makes clear how it uses its data through clear public statements in its terms and conditions and other material it uses to sell its services,” Sims said.
B&T has contacted Google for comment.
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