Online video and paid search are driving the growth in global ad spend, as advertisers focus on personalised and targeted communications, according to Zenith’s Advertising Expenditure Forecasts, published today.
With advertisers now able to use these channels to target with pinpoint accuracy and serve personalised messages, they are increasing both the efficiency and effectiveness of campaigns.
Between 2018 and 2021, online video advertising will grow at an average of 18 per cent a year, twice as fast as other forms of internet display advertising and well ahead of any other channel.
Paid search is not growing as quickly in percentage terms – it will grow at an average of 7 per cent a year over this period – but in dollar terms will contribute even more to global growth than online video.
The application of AI techniques, better location targeting, integration with commerce and the rise of ‘in the moment’ search are all making search more effective for advertisers.
We forecast that between 2018 and 2021, online video advertising will grow by US$20bn, while paid search will grow by US$22bn.
Between them, these two channels will account for 60 per cent of the extra ad dollars added to the market over this time.
Online video and television are more important to brand building than ever
Advertisers commonly use online video together with traditional television, combining television’s broad reach and immersive experience with online video’s ability to target and optimise frequency.
Taken together, these two media are becoming more important to advertisers’ brand-building campaigns.
Their combined share of ad spend in ‘display’ media (i.e. all media except paid search and classified advertising) has risen from 46.2 per cent in 2012 to 48.4 per cent this year.
By 2021 we expect television and video to have a combined 48.8 per cent share of global ‘display’ – a higher share than television ever achieved on its own.
Taken together, television and online video are working harder for advertisers than ever before.
Global e-commerce advertising starts to accelerate
E-commerce advertising – advertising that sits alongside and within search results and product listings on e-commerce sites – is well established in China, but is only just starting to get going globally.
Zenith believes it has the potential to transform the way brands convert customers online, and add about US$100bn of new money into the global advertising market.
E-commerce advertising has risen from 0.8 per cent of all ad spend in China in 2009 to an estimated 18.2 per cent this year, driven by investment by companies like Alibaba in turning e-commerce into advertising revenue.
Until recently, e-commerce platforms outside China have largely focused on direct sales to consumers at the expense of advertising, but that is now changing.
Amazon generated nearly US$5bn in advertising revenue in 2017 as a whole, and in Q3 2018 its ad revenues grew by 122 per cent year on year.
Other shopping platforms are following suit by investing in their own advertising activities.
Globally, e-commerce advertising is about as advanced as it was in China at the end of the last decade. Amazon accounted for 0.8 per cent of global ad spend in 2017, the same proportion that Chinese e-commerce occupied in 2009.
If e-commerce follows a similar path globally to the one it followed in China, it could account for 18 per cent of global ad spend by 2027.
That’s equivalent to over US$100bn in today’s ad market, representing a huge revenue opportunity for the platforms, and a whole new way for brands to reach customers at the point of purchase.
This money typically comes from brands’ commercial teams rather than their marketing teams, from budgets set aside for negotiating with retailers.
It is therefore new money to advertising and should expand the market without cannibalising money spent elsewhere.
Steady growth in global ad spend to continue
We estimate that global advertising expenditure will grow 4.5 per cent by the end of this year, boosted by the Winter Olympics, FIFA World Cup and US mid-term elections.
Growth will then remain steady and positive for the rest of our forecast period to 2021, at 4.0 per cent in 2019, 4.2 per cent in 2020 and 4.1 per cent in 2021.
In Australia, Zenith anticipates ad spend will increase by 3.3 per cent in 2018, to A$16.72bn (US$12.34bn), a stable projection from the September forecast.
All media with the exception of print is likely to be stable to up in 2018 with out-of-home and internet out-performing versus the total media trend.
Zenith Sydney head of investment Elizabeth Baker said: “Out-of-home’s success in 2018 is largely attributable to the increasing digitisation of the sector, with digital panels accounting for close to 50 per cent of revenue.
“With the recent ACCC approval of both the JCDecaux/APN and oOh! Media/Adshel mergers, this should continue to see the sector thrive.
“Operating cost efficiencies gained from the merger will undoubtedly unlock greater investment in technology, infrastructure and digitisation, and the greater depth of assets should result in better product offerings for advertisers.
“Of course, the increase in digitisation naturally increases revenue at site level as well.
“Driving online sector growth is the increase in ad spend across video and mobile. According to the latest IAB report released for FY2018, video expenditure has increased by 44.6 per cent from FY2017, accounting for 42 per cent of display.
“Radio is also performing well from ad spend perspective. Listener retention on the core broadcast platform – which accounts for 90 per cent of total listening – means the medium remains efficient.
“This, coupled with new revenue opportunities across other audio channels such as podcasting, streaming, radio-branded social media and online, has been positive for the radio sector.
“TV remains stable, buoyed by events, finance sector investment following the Royal Commission into the banking and financial services industry as well as Government spending, although for the back quarter, increases in Government spend are likely to stabilise as Same Sex Marriage campaigning kicked off in October 2017.
“The Federal Election in 2019 will ensure that Government investment remains strong. The industry body, ThinkTV, which launched in 2016, has also helped stabilise the flow of money into digital with studies around ROI and effectiveness,” Baker said.
Globally, central & Eastern Europe will be the fastest-growing region, with average growth of 6.3 per cent a year between 2018 and 2021, driven by continued strength in Russia, which is growing at 6.8 per cent a year and accounts for 39 per cent of the regional total.
Asia Pacific is next, growing at an average of 4.9 per cent a year, or 5.7 per cent a year excluding Japan.
India is the stand-out growth market here, growing at 13.5 per cent a year from US$9.7bn in 2018 to US$14.2bn in 2021, when it will become the world’s eighth largest advertising market, entering the top ten for the first time.
India has huge potential for further growth, with advertising taking up just 0.3 per cent of GDP, less than half the Asia Pacific average of 0.7 per cent Australia sits in ninth position.
Young advertising markets like India are playing an ever-more-important role in driving global growth in ad spend.
‘Mature’ markets – by which we mean North America, Western Europe and Japan – account for 62 per cent of global ad spend this year, down from 75 per cent ten years ago.
‘Rising’ markets – by which we mean all markets apart from the ‘Mature’ ones – will contribute 54 per cent of the growth in global ad spend between 2018 and 2021, increasing their share of global expenditure from 38 per cent to 40 per cent.
Zenith head of forecasting and director of global intelligence Jonathan Barnard said: “E-commerce advertising is poised to transform the advertising market in much the same way that paid search did in the last decade.
“It could bring US$100bn in new money into the market over the next ten years.”
Zenith global brand president Vittorio Bonori said: “Brands are transforming their businesses to take advantages of the new digital opportunities available to them,” .
“Better segmentation and targeting, personalised creative and direct transactional relationship with consumers are combining to drive brand growth.”