Is your Loyalty Program A One-night Stand?

Communication Disorder
SHARE
THIS



In this guest post, Bonnie Roche (pictured below), senior manager at Metrix Consulting, argues that when it comes to loyalty programs, we need to stop talking about love and start talking about logic – particularly in the age of data.

Bonnie Roche

Unsurprisingly, loyalty programs claim to be about increasing loyalty or love for brands and retailers, but with consumers typically having 3.8 loyalty cards in their wallet, can we expect these cards to be an indication of, or vessel for fostering emotional connections with a brand? We say no!

Now, before you assemble the troops, we are not saying that loyalty programs are void of emotional attachment… simply that this emotion is only a small component of what a successful loyalty program is and can be, so hear us out.

Let’s stop talking about loyalty programs as a one-dimensional measure and indicator for consumers’ emotional connections with brands and start thinking about them as a rational tool. One that consumers can use to get a better experience and one that businesses can use to better understand, anticipate the needs of, and communicate in a personalised way with their customers – all of which can be achieved through the understanding and strategic use of data.

Why data? Because data is the tool that helps us improve the effectiveness of our marketing spend (ROI). By leveraging this data to communicate with our customers in a more relevant way, we improve our chances of them visiting us or buying us more often and spending more with us over time. Whilst reports indicate 57 per cent of Australians are more likely to return to a retailer if they have a loyalty program, in reality, consumers are going back to the retailers who are able to target them effectively, about things they’re interested in or see value in, and in a way that they find engaging.

Businesses today have access to more data than ever before, but without a clear strategy regarding its collection and use, it has little value. You need foresight to identify what needs to be captured, how you will capture it, and finally how you will transform it to create real value.

Let’s focus though on the quest for better customer data. From my perspective, there are two key questions you need to ask yourself:

  1. What can I get?
  2. What can I do with it?

What can I get?

The data that you get from your customers can be classified in two ways:

  1. Inherent data: this is the information that is collected upon sign-up (sign-up data) or from the customers’ day to day interaction with the company (passive data), such as number of visits, time and day of visit.
  2. Volunteered data: this is the type of data that can be asked of your customers without the need to pay them for the information. This information is beyond the day-to-day interaction (things like feedback and preferences).

The amount and type of data you can get within each of these categories is driven by the quality of your relationship with your customers. Specifically, how ‘committed’ consumers are and your share of their wallet. Whilst share of wallet is an easy enough metric to calculate, ‘commitment’ is a multi-faceted measure which depending on the category, can be comprised of:

  • Category involvement (personal interest in the category).
  • Existing brand relationship (emotional attachment or loyalty to the brand).
  • Frequency of purchase in the category.
  • Perceived longevity of relationship (which encompasses time to reward or benefit).
  • Perceived loss of non-commitment (loss of rewards or benefits).

This commitment element is where we start to see emotional attachment play a role, but as can be noted from the list above, emotion is only one element of a multifaceted measure.

Why do we need this definition of commitment? Because it not only shapes the types of rewards that your customers are going to expect from you, but also the data that customers are willing to give you.

For us, the easiest way to conceptualise the ‘quality’ of a relationship you might have with your customers, is to think about it in human terms:

Diagram - the quality of a relationship

To bring this to life, let’s apply the quadrant to two different categories.

Imagine an ‘everyday’ worker with no strong preference regarding where they buy their coffee. Let’s say they visit a coffee shop that has a 10-for-one coffee loyalty program and they ‘sign up’. This customer has low category involvement, no relationship with the coffee shop and risks nothing if they don’t go back frequently to the coffee shop. This is a low commitment, small share relationship – a one night stand. In this relationship, there is no data collected on the customer and no communications, but given the nature of their relationship, this isn’t required or expected by the customer.

Compare this to someone who is a member of the Qantas Frequent Flyer program. Customer commitment to the program is stronger given the longer-term reward structure and the risk of ‘loss’ if they exit the program. In this relationship, there can be a lot of data collected (particularly if the customer has Qantas credit cards or travel cards) and regular communication between the airline and the customer. Given the nature of this relationship, this expected and permissible.

Once you have determined the type of customer relationship that you have, the other lever that impacts the amount and type of data your customers will give you is the incentive you provide them for doing so.

Incentives and quantity of data can be thought somewhat like a linear relationship (of course, there will be exceptions) but simply, the more incentive you provide, the more data you can get.

Continuing with the coffee example above, you’re unlikely to give up your name, email and address for a low value, delayed reward such as a free coffee after you purchase 10.

But if a coffee shop (like one we know in Byron Bay) was offering a free coffee right off the bat, if you sign up to an app that provides them with your name, age, address, payment details and access to your location and order history, you might be willing to give up your details. This immediate and tangible incentive gives customers enough of a reason to provide information that would otherwise not be captured.

But let’s be honest, there is absolutely no point in even collecting data if you don’t know what to do with it. Which brings us to question two…

What can I do with it?

So, now that we understand the type of data that customers might be able and willing to give us, it’s time to think about what can be done with it from a reward, targeting and communication perspective.

Rewards is the simplest of the three to explain. What you can do with your data to reward and incentivise your consumers must abide by the boundaries of the relationship you have with your customer. Is it appropriate for a one night stand (coffee shop) to wish you happy birthday? Never, creepy!

Do you expect Qantas to change the rewarded points based on the value of your flight? Of course.

When we consider the rewards that are expected and deserved by customers, the status of the current relationship and the projection of what it will look like in the future needs to be considered (moving from one box to another).

Perhaps one of the best examples of a business correctly identifying the boundaries and status of a relationship, and using their data to create real value for the business and their customers (targeting and communicating), is Woolworths via their Everyday Rewards (EDR) Program.

Example:

Each time I shop with Woolworths I swipe my EDR card and in turn, receive a point value equal to my commitment (i.e. per dollar spent). This incentive is adequate for me to swipe my card every time I go into the store… a committed relationship.

The result is that Woolworths knows what my ‘typical’ basket looks like. For example, that every Sunday I buy a two-litre Great Ocean Road Milk, fresh bread and nut bars. They also know that given my typical inter-purchase intervals, I am due to buy toothpaste this week (a purchase I make every three weeks) and that I usually buy Sensodyne regardless of what is on sale (inherent data).

But imagine this Sunday – no transaction registers against my card. Monday rolls around and this is picked up by the Woolworths data system and so on Monday, I receive a tailored (one-to-one) email with a unique set of promotions to match my needs:

  • Great Ocean Road milk is on special
  • Edwards Sourdough bread is on special                                                                    

In addition to these known behaviours, the algorithm also gives me specials based on what other people with similar behaviour have bought (think about the famous case of Target in the USA predicting a girls’ pregnancy:

  • Butter and dental floss earn you double points this week (data analysis).

But it doesn’t stop at me receiving a tailored email, because a good loyalty program should continually learn from the data it collects.

The Woolworths data system runs 70 million queries each week to develop one-to-one communications, with all 50,000 products ranked daily to determine which offers would be most relevant for the customer.

You’ll notice that a Sensodyne offer didn’t make it into my promotional email. This is because the system has learnt that I buy this same brand no matter what the price.

On Tuesday when I finally make it to Woolworths, I buy the Sensodyne toothpaste, the Great Ocean Road Milk, the dental floss and the butter, but don’t purchase Edwards Sourdough bread – I opt for my regular fresh bread instead. It’s unlikely I’ll see another offer for packaged bread until my behaviour indicates I’m interested in it… a continual test and learn process.

And what about volunteered data? Well, whilst Woolworths doesn’t currently incentivise customers to gain additional data from them, in the relationship we have detailed, if I was offered dollar rewards for my feedback on a store layout or customer experience, it would be within the bounds of our relationship.

The Woolworths data processing and one-to-one communication approach is five times more effective than sending the standard ‘weekly special’ email and has improved email open rates by 16 per cent. Talk about impact! Woolworths is a great example of a company knowing the limits of the data they can ask for, providing the right incentives for customers to share their behavioural data and continuously learning from the data they collect.

Summed up as a diagram, the whole process looks like this:

Diagram - data process for rewards programs

So let’s reframe the way that we think about loyalty programs – let’s make it less about love and more about logic.

Rather than just asking how we can use these programs to encourage customer loyalty, let’s start asking ‘how can I obtain and leverage the right data from my customers, to better target my customers and achieve the desired commercial outcomes for my business?

Latest News

Study: 80% Of Aussies Now Access Newspaper Sites (With SMH Favoured By Men, News.Com.Au By Women)
  • Marketing
  • Media

Study: 80% Of Aussies Now Access Newspaper Sites (With SMH Favoured By Men, News.Com.Au By Women)

A new study into the news media habits of Australians has found that 78 per cent of the population (15.7 million Australians aged 14-plus) access news or newspaper websites in an average four weeks. According to Roy Morgan’s Single Source survey, Australia’s most popular news website is News.com.au which is visited by nearly 5.9 million Australians in an average […]

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
Q&A With Cannes Chairman Terry Savage
  • Advertising
  • Media

Q&A With Cannes Chairman Terry Savage

If you mistakenly thought this was an interview with Kojak's Telly Savalas, as it turns out, it's even better than that.

Optus To Phase Out Virgin Mobile Brand
  • Marketing

Optus To Phase Out Virgin Mobile Brand

Didn't much fancy that Telstra story above? Well, perhaps B&T could tempt you with this tasty Optus tickler instead.

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
HubSpot Unveils New Slack Integration
  • Technology

HubSpot Unveils New Slack Integration

HubSpot unveils a new slack integration that, as you'll read here, has nothing to do with a pair of old man's trousers.

AKQA R&D Teams Up With Google For Semi Permanent 2018
  • Media

AKQA R&D Teams Up With Google For Semi Permanent 2018

AKQA R&D in collaboration with Google has developed a process called Somesthetic Transfer. It uses machine learning to take both the style and texture of an artwork and apply it to another image to be 3D printed with a UV printer. The works will be displayed at Semi Permanent 2018 in Sydney from Thursday 24 […]

WPP’s Health & Wellness To Unveil ‘How Design Can Save A Life” For Vivid
  • Marketing
  • Media

WPP’s Health & Wellness To Unveil ‘How Design Can Save A Life” For Vivid

Design students from Torrens University’s Billy Blue College of Design have partnered with WPP AUNZ’s Health & Wellness division to decode clinical data on ‘Medicinal Marijuana in the Treatment of Epilepsy’. Their creative solutions will be presented at a Vivid Ideas Exchange titled ‘Design can save your life: how can creativity improve comprehension of health data?’ […]

Diversity Case Study Series: The Royals
  • Advertising
  • Marketing
  • Media

Diversity Case Study Series: The Royals

If you read one diversity case study on B&T today, make it this one. Not that there's any others to choose from, really.

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
Cricket Australia Finds New Major Sponsor
  • Marketing

Cricket Australia Finds New Major Sponsor

B&T was going to insert a homage to Sherbert's classic "Howzat" here before realising it was naff and showed our age.

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
PHD Wins HSBC Global Media Account
  • Media

PHD Wins HSBC Global Media Account

ICYMI, PHD has FTW the HSBC business IRL. It's not so much a LOL or NSFW, but a TL;DR. Ahh, forget the whole thing.

InMoment Accelerates APAC Expansion With Key Acquisition
  • Media

InMoment Accelerates APAC Expansion With Key Acquisition

Customer experience (CX) intelligence platform, InMoment, has expanded into Australia and New Zealand with the acquisition of customer experience agency, brandXP and appointment of Claire Fastier as its APAC business head.

Marketers Need To Focus On Voice Search Right Now
  • Opinion

Marketers Need To Focus On Voice Search Right Now

In this opinion piece, Performics Australia performance content account director Steve Robinson (pictured below) dives into the hazy relationship between marketers and voice-activated technology. From settling family disputes, (“Hey Google, are fossil fuels really made from dinosaur bones?”) to running a household, (“OK Google, add toothpaste to my shopping list”), voice-activated systems are becoming more […]

Opinion

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
SpotX Launches Online Resource Library For Publishers Seeking GDPR Guidance
  • Advertising
  • Media

SpotX Launches Online Resource Library For Publishers Seeking GDPR Guidance

Video advertising and monetisation platform SpotX has announced the launch of an online resource library for the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The library can be found on the company’s website and is part of a wider educational initiative by SpotX – which is headquartered in the US and has an office in […]

Daylight Agency Opens Government Division, Hires Legal & Political Expert
  • Marketing

Daylight Agency Opens Government Division, Hires Legal & Political Expert

Integrated communications firm Daylight Agency has cemented its presence in the government and political arena with the appointment of industry veteran David Begg. A practising solicitor for over 28 years, Begg (pictured above) will head up the agency’s new government division. He has extensive experience working with large commercial clients on high-profile regulatory and legal […]

Frost Design Unveils New Look For John Holland
  • Marketing

Frost Design Unveils New Look For John Holland

Frost Design has shown off its comprehensive rebrand of iconic Australian infrastructure and property business John Holland, based around the brand idea of ‘Transforming Lives’. John Holland CEO Joe Barr said Frost was the only branding business who understood that the impact of the rebrand was just as important internally as it would be externally, […]

Women In Media Profile: Jill Johnston
  • Media

Women In Media Profile: Jill Johnston

We've got an absolute cracking Women in Media profile today. Not to say it's approved by the Chiropractors' Association.

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
First Lady Michelle Obama and President Barack Obama Dance Together at the Presidents Ball
  • Media

Netflix Secures Producer Deal With The Obamas

It seems former US president Barack Obama and former First Lady Michelle Obama aren’t quite done with the international spotlight just yet. The Obamas have officially signed a multiyear deal with Netflix, which will see the power couple producing films and series with the streaming giant. According to Netflix, “The Obamas will produce a diverse […]

How To Spot A Trend Versus A Fad
  • Opinion

How To Spot A Trend Versus A Fad

One need only view our editor's hot pink leg warmers today to realise he's neither fad nor trend.

Opinion

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
Why Engagement Is The New Rule Of Content
  • Opinion

Why Engagement Is The New Rule Of Content

And why is B&T running a photo of an engaged couple for this content engagement article? It was either that or a carrot.

Opinion

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
Fairfax Media Recruits 20 Trainee Journalists Across All Its Titles
  • Media

Fairfax Media Recruits 20 Trainee Journalists Across All Its Titles

Fairfax Media has today announced the recruitment of 20 trainee journalists to join the newsrooms of The Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, The Canberra Times, The Australian Financial Review, Brisbane Times and WAtoday. This represents one of Metro’s largest trainee intakes in years and underlines the commitment of the mastheads to fostering a new generation […]

Sydney Australia - November 7, 2011. An extreme close up of an American express card issued by the Australian bank Westpac.
  • Media

AMEX Launches Global Media Review

Are there not enough hours in the day? Are you cheek-by-jowl with your co-workers? Well, hopefully you won't win this.

Sydney Water & Republic of Everyone Create Vinyl Records Made Of Recycled Marine Plastic
  • Campaigns
  • Marketing

Sydney Water & Republic of Everyone Create Vinyl Records Made Of Recycled Marine Plastic

Sydney Water has pioneered a way to create records from marine plastics and, in doing so, encourage more people to join the movement of local clean-up groups rolling up their sleeves every weekend to clean plastics, litter and other pollutants from the city’s beaches and waterways. Plastics are collected by volunteers, then cut in pieces […]

Credit Card Compare Names Its First Head Of Marketing
  • Marketing

Credit Card Compare Names Its First Head Of Marketing

Aussie credit card comparison site Credit Card Compare has announced the appointment of Caroline Raffan as its inaugural head of marketing. Raffan (pictured above) has over 10 years’ experience in brand strategy, campaign development, digital marketing, events, public relations, content creation, market research, advertising, stakeholder management, social media marketing, and project management. She joins Credit […]

Why Programmatic Needs To Become A Branding Machine
  • Advertising
  • Marketing
  • Opinion
  • Technology

Why Programmatic Needs To Become A Branding Machine

In this opinion piece, Phil Murrell (pictured below), country manager for Australia and New Zealand at Sizmek, argues that programmatic ad spend needs to move up the branding funnel. When I started in digital advertising way back in 2004, we got our media insertion orders via the fax machine. We relied on that machine to […]

Opinion

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
An Apology To Salmat’s Karen Lewis
  • Media

An Apology To Salmat’s Karen Lewis

Whoops! B&T's stuffed up and this certainly comes with our sincerest apologies for any offence caused.

by B&T Magazine

B&T Magazine
Adland Execs To Be Locked Up
  • Media

Adland Execs To Be Locked Up

Continuing adland's fascination with prison when it comes to charitable causes comes this latest trip to the slammer.

Australian Directors’ Guild Announces Mentorship Winners
  • Campaigns
  • Media

Australian Directors’ Guild Announces Mentorship Winners

Now in its second year, the Australian Directors’ Guild’s (ADG) Commercial & Content Directing Mentorship program announced its next round of eight mentoree recipients. The winners were announced at a special event held last night at FINCH, Sydney and attended by members of the screen and advertising industries. Acclaimed director, and ADG President, Samantha Lang, […]